Tuesday, 31 October 2017
The tundra is a cold, windy treeless environment known for it’s difficult living conditions. However there are a number of animals that have adapted in order to survive the harsh conditions of the tundra. These animals include Arctic fox, Arctic hare, caribou, snowy owl and polar bears.
Both the Arctic fox and hare are found in the tundra. The fox is found in the Arctic Circle which includes Canada, Russia, Greenland, Iceland, Scandinavia and Alaska. Similar to the fox the Arctic hare lives in the Arctic Circle as well as Greenland.
The fox and the hare share a diet based on what is available to them. The fox’s diet mainly consists of small mammals like lemmings and voles. However the hare eats buds, berries, twigs and mosses.
The fox and the hare are both naturally are adapted in a tundra environment. The Arctic fox has furry coat to keep it warm and a bushy tail so it can wrap itself in it’s tail to cover the foxes small body and short ears. The hare has strong hind legs and claws that they use to forage in the snow. The hares also have white fur which it sheds in Summer and turns brown. However, in Winter the hare has pure snowy white fur.
Both the Arctic fox and hare make shelters to survive the harsh conditions. The fox builds a den with multiple entrances and exits in case a predator attacks. However the Arctic hare forages in the snow in search for a burrow.
Even though both the Arctic hare and fox have successfully adapted to survive the harsh conditions of the tundra. We believe that the Arctic fox is better suited for this environment to not only survive but thrive. The fox has better adaptations and diet than the hare such as the fox has more food choices and their den is better to live in because of the multiple entrances. Some of the adaptations like the bushy tail to curl in and the furry coat help them to survive.